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Understanding Dermotrichology: The Science of Hair and Scalp Health

Understanding Dermotrichology: The Science of Hair and Scalp Health

What is a Dermotrichologist? 

A dermotrichologist is a specialist focused on diagnosing and treating conditions related to the scalp and hair. The term combines "dermato" (skin) and "tricho" (hair), reflecting the dual focus of this specialty. These professionals are usually dermatologists with additional training and expertise in trichology, which is the branch of dermatology concerned with the study of the hair and scalp.

Areas of Expertise

  1. Hair Loss and Hair Disorders:

    1. Alopecia Areata: An autoimmune condition causing hair to fall out in small patches.

    2. Androgenetic Alopecia: Commonly known as male or female pattern baldness.

    3. Telogen Effluvium: Temporary hair thinning typically caused by stress, illness, or hormonal changes.

    4. Traction Alopecia: Hair loss due to tight hairstyles that pull on the scalp.

  2. Scalp Conditions:

    1. Seborrheic Dermatitis: A common skin condition causing scaly patches, red skin, and dandruff.

    2. Psoriasis: A chronic autoimmune condition that leads to an overproduction of skin cells, causing red, scaly patches.

    3. Folliculitis: Inflammation of the hair follicles, often leading to red, bumpy skin.

  3. Hair Shaft Disorders:

    1. Trichorrhexis Nodosa: Hair shafts that are prone to breaking and splitting.

    2. Monilethrix: A genetic condition resulting in beaded or fragile hair.

Diagnostic Techniques

Dermotrichologists employ various diagnostic tools and techniques to assess and treat hair and scalp issues, including:

  • Trichoscopy: A non-invasive method using a dermatoscope to examine the scalp and hair shafts closely.

  • Scalp Biopsy: A small section of the scalp is removed and examined under a microscope to diagnose underlying conditions.

  • Blood Tests: These can identify underlying conditions such as thyroid problems or nutritional deficiencies that may affect hair health.

  • Hair Pull Test: A simple test to determine the extent of hair loss.

Treatment Approach

The treatment plan devised by a dermotrichologist can include:

  • Topical Treatments: Medications like minoxidil for hair growth or corticosteroids for inflammatory conditions.

  • Oral Medications: Drugs such as finasteride for androgenetic alopecia or systemic treatments for autoimmune conditions.

  • Light Therapy: UV light treatments for conditions like psoriasis.

  • Hair Transplant Surgery: In cases of significant hair loss, surgical options might be considered.

  • Lifestyle and Dietary Changes:** Recommendations for a balanced diet, stress management, and proper hair care practices.

When to See a Dermotrichologist

If you're experiencing unexplained hair loss, persistent scalp issues, or changes in your hair's texture and strength, consulting a dermotrichologist might be beneficial. These specialists offer a deeper understanding and more targeted treatment options than general dermatologists or trichologists alone.


Dermotrichology is a vital field that bridges the gap between dermatology and trichology, offering specialized care for complex hair and scalp conditions. By understanding the role of a dermotrichologist and the breadth of their expertise, individuals can seek the appropriate care for their hair and scalp health, leading to better outcomes and improved quality of life. Whether you're battling hair loss, dealing with a persistent scalp condition, or simply seeking to understand more about your hair health, a dermotrichologist could provide the specialized insight and treatment you need.

Business Information


3029 Cleveland Ave.

Columbus, OH 43224


Sun - Mon: CLOSED
Tue: 9am - 5pm
Wed: 9am - 5pm

Thu: 9am - 6pm
​​Saturday: 10am - 2pm

*Consultations preferably scheduled on Tuesdays and Thursdays.

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